Common terms explained. If you’re looking for a term that isn’t here, write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Admin||A player who has been given the role of Admin: they then have access to the Admin section of Backstage, where they can approve new players and manage player accounts. Admins can customise the Foyer and edit other players’ stages and media in Backstage.|
|Audience||Public attending a performance, who don’t need to log in to enter the live stage. The audience can chat in the text chat window and use emoticons to express reactions.|
|Avatar||A graphic character that’s held by a player and manipulated on the stage. Avatars can have Text2Speech voices: text entered into the chat input field by the player holding the avatar appears in the audience chat window and in graphical speech bubbles on the stage. If the avatar has been given a voice the text will be spoken aloud by the computer.|
|Backdrop||A static or animated image that fills the background area of a stage, behind all other visual media.|
|Background||When a stage is completely empty, with no backdrop showing, it displays the background colour. The default colour is green, and this can be changed in Stage Settings. The background may be visible to the audience if they don’t have their browser in full screen mode.|
|Backstage||The ‘behind the scenes’ area of UpStage, where players create and prepare their stages, upload and manage media, and other tasks.|
|Chat||Real time text chat for players and audience. Players can choose to hide or expose the audience chat, and have a separate player chat for private communication during performances.|
|Cyberformance||Live theatrical / artistic performance that’s situated on the internet;
|Foyer||The home page of an UpStage instance, for example http://upstage.live. This is where the audience can enter live stages, players can log in, and new players can register an account. The Foyer has links to the UpStage community website (www.upstage.org.nz) and to this manual. If you have your own instance of UpStage, you can customise the Foyer.|
|Guest||The guest player role is used for workshops and demonstrations to give someone player access to the on-stage player tools, without having access to Backstage or having to register an account.
A guest is also an audience member who hasn’t given themselves a nickname.
|Live action icon
|This icon appears at the top right-hand corner of all moveable images (avatars, props, streams, drawings and text objects) when they’re placed on the stage. The default setting is off (white), and until it’s turned on (green) only the player who has put this media item on stage can see it. This allows that player to adjust parameters such as size, position, opacity, etc. before making it visible. If you turn it off again, it doesn’t make the media item invisible – it means that changes you make to the media item will not be visible to anyone else until you turn the light bulb back on.|
|Live stream||An audio-visual feed sent in real time from a computer or mobile phone, via the internet.|
|Media||Digital files such as images, animations or sounds that have been uploaded to the UpStage server.
Allowable media formats include:
Images: .png, .jpg, .jpeg, .gif, .svg,
Audio: .wav, .mpeg, .mp3, .aac, .aacp, .ogg, .webm, .flac.
|Multi-frame||A graphical media item (avatar, backdrop or prop) that consists of more than one frame and can be animated on stage to display the sequence of images; one of its specific frames can also be shown as a still image.|
|Owner||A player who has created a stage, or uploaded a media item, is referred to as the Owner of that stage or media item.|
|Player||Someone who logs in to UpStage to create and present cyberformances.|
|Prop||A graphic media item that can be placed on a stage and manipulated by players. Props can be attached to avatars.|
||A recording of the messages sent between the browser and the server, which can be replayed to recreate an UpStage performance. Replays are not screen recordings and do not capture live data such as audio-visual streams, but create very light-weight documentation for performances that don’t use streams.|
|RTMP||Stands for ‘real time messaging protocol’, used to stream audio and video over the internet. To send a stream to UpStage you must have software that’s capable of sending an RTMP stream.|
|Scene||A saved arrangement of media on a stage; selecting a scene changes the stage to display all the media saved in that scene, in the positions the media items have been saved in.|
|Stage||The virtual space created in a browser window, where audiences attend performances and players operate digital media to create, rehearse and present performances.|
|Text2Speech||Speech synthesis that allows avatars to speak text aloud in computerised voices.|